Ancient Theater Thassos
The ancient theater, installed in a natural deepening of the acropolis hill of the ancient city of Thassos, located at the eastern end of the city adjacent to the wall with the concave opening westward. East of shaped cliff, while to the north and west lies a sea view, the port and the ancient city, the location of which is now the modern village of Port. Theater in Thassos existed since the time of Hippocrates (About Epidemics A 20), the 5th century. B.C., but we do not know if it was in the same part of the city. The large retaining wall, built with exceptional quality marble blocks found under the floor of the proscenium not ascertained whether owned theater classical times or in another building.
The oldest documented building phase of Thasos theater belongs to the early Hellenistic period ( late 4th / first quarter of the 3rd century. B.C.). It included a scene with a marble facade. From this point the spotlight, dedicated to the god Dionysus, by Lysistrata Thassos, son Kodidos, had front with twelve Doric pillars between two pilasters, frieze with smooth panels and cornice. The small columns were streaked three quarters of their region and brought notches for supporting text tables scenography. From the floor of the stage, also built in Doric, preserved several parts of architraves, capitals and panels. Details on the format of the orchestra and the hollow of that time there.
The hollow in its current form covers exceptional space below hemisphere and dates back to Roman times. The retaining walls of the lane, They lined their foreheads with marmaroplinthous, They are asymmetrical and converge. The seats are made of ordinary bricks without marble moldings, except those located in the lower portion of the hollow. In many seats are engraved names of individuals or families that had reserved stall. Three radial scales, divide the auditorium into four tiers. Not finding of frieze.
The theater from the 1st AD. century. used for "hunting"(hunting) and gladiator fights. Retrofitting the theater into an arena took place in the era of the Roman Dynasty Severan (end 2nd-3rd century beginning. A.D.). From heavy doorways closed lanes are still visible thresholds. In the years before the 140 A.D., the Iragoras, son Effrillou, and his wife, They hoisted along the conductor with a parapet balustrade on the safety of spectators. Several of the uprights thereof thoracic restored to their original position. To ensure better visibility of the spectators slope of the new hollow became more, practice common during refits of ancient theater in arenas.
At the same time he reconstructed the scene building: He highlighted the facade with large marble brackets, while the Doric members were scattered. The spotlight remained in place after disassembly and renovation rough. Some of the smooth panels of the frieze became decoration with reliefs of gods: Dionysus, equestrian cinder Hero and a cuirassed Mars with helmet, patron of gladiators. The jambs at both ends of the colonnade foreground well renovated: Southern decorated, the upper portion of the embossed shape of Nemesis, tribute prosperity, son Dionysius obviously gladiator- the inexorable goddess. And other gladiators carved reliefs of Nemesis, the walls of the scene building.
Maria Nicolaidou - Father Archaeologist